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In India, it is estimated that ∼16,000 farmers die by suicide each year, and at rates far above those of the general population. This paper reviews much of the literature concerning the factors associated with this crisis.
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Socioeconomic factors, rather than mental health problems, are associated with farmer suicides, with increased indebtedness playing the predominant role. . . .
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The impact of one particular cash crop, the genetically modified Bt cotton, is considered one of the most contentious issues surrounding farmer suicides following its introduction in 2002. . . .
. . . overriding much of the individual analysis concerning the consequences of Bt cotton, is the observation that as opposed to a sharp jump, the official number of farmer suicides has kept growing steadily since its introduction in 2002, even as the area of land sown with the seed has risen significantly. While it may play a part in individual cases, its introduction seems unlikely to have played a large role in the suicide crisis and no study has found an empirical link between Bt cotton and farmer suicides. . .
Read full, original post: Factors associated with the farmer suicide crisis in India