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Why were these 1,000-year-old skulls shaped like ‘sci-fi aliens’?

Tight wrapping in childhood produced deliberately deformed skulls ...
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‘Skin hunger’: That burning desire for human contact supercharged by the coronavirus pandemic

Once a week, Alice, who lives alone, walks to the end of her garden to meet her best friend Lucy ...
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‘A radical idea’: Could a single factor be responsible for all mental illnesses?

What are the roots of mental illness? In the hope of finding an answer, scientists have piled up an enormous ...
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Menopause might be a tipping point for Alzheimer’s for millions of women

Estrogen is the master regulator of metabolism in the youthful female brain, orchestrating everything from glucose transport and uptake to ...
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Overcoming fear: Understanding DNA ‘flexibility’ could lead to better treatments for phobias and PTSD

Fear is an important survival mechanism and so too is the ability to inhibit fear when it’s no longer needed ...
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Diagnosing Alzheimer’s with artificial intelligence and brain scans

In recent years, scientists and clinicians have focused their attention toward machine-learning artificial intelligence (AI) tools to help them diagnose ...
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‘Profound consequences’: Autistic people unable to tune out distractions, study suggests

Autistic people have atypical activity in a part of the brain that regulates attention, according to a new study. The ...
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Can we boost human memory by tweaking the microbiome?

A new study is among the first to trace the molecular connections between genetics, the gut microbiome and memory in ...
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Why girls with ADHD aren’t being diagnosed

Anxiety. Depression. School failure. Self-harm. Unemployment. Unplanned pregnancies. Even an increased risk of early death. The risks and toll of ...
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‘Cartoonishly oversimplistic’: Researchers rethinking amyloid hypothesis for Alzheimer’s

[Experts are] divided about whether treating amyloid buildup—long thought to be the best target for an Alzheimer's therapy—is still a ...
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Is this brain-controlled prosthetic arm—with the sensation of touch—the future of prosthetics?

[T]hree years ago, [electrician Rickard] Normark received a new kind of brain-controlled prosthetic that was surgically attached to the bone, ...
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Biological marker for autism in babies could lead to earlier therapy and better development

A small study by researchers at Stanford University School of Medicine has identified a biological marker in the cerebrospinal fluid ...
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Do rising carbon dioxide levels dampen our ability to think and make decisions?

As the 21st century progresses, rising atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) concentrations will cause urban and indoor levels of the gas ...
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How to use your brain to keep food cravings from turning into eating

Many believe that cravings are caused by low blood sugar, or that the body lacks certain other nutrients. In the ...
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Shedding light on ‘bizarre’ 1930s procedure in which doctors injected malaria into human brains

A new paper in a neurosurgery journal sheds light on one of the most bizarre and shocking medical procedures ever ...
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Is there a difference in the way men and women perceive and react to emotions?

Social cognition includes the ability to represent other people's intentions and beliefs, and the ability to share and recognise the ...
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Why do people trust ‘gut instinct’ even when it’s not the smart choice?

When faced with a decision, people may know which choice gives them the best chance of success, but still take ...
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Seeking mainstream acceptance for psychedelic drugs: Will entrepreneurs ruin it for everyone else?

After spending decades as highly illegal and restricted substances, psilocybin (magic mushrooms), LSD, MDMA, DMT, and other psychedelic drugs are ...
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Alzheimer’s research is at a dead end. Here are 5 unexplored treatment routes

It is time to go back to basics. I have been a scientist involved in Alzheimer's research for three decades, ...
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Infants with ‘insecure attachments’ to parents may be at higher risk of autism

Younger siblings of children with autism who have insecure attachments to their caregivers are more likely to be diagnosed with ...
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Language evolved 25 million years ago, monkey brain study suggests

Curious about how people started talking, researchers from the UK scanned the monkey species and the brains of the people ...
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‘The Idea of the Brain’: Book explores the struggle to understand the human brain

Neuroscientists love a good metaphor. Through the years, plumbing, telegraph wires and computers have all been enlisted to help explain ...
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After injury, the adult brain attempts to repair itself with cells that revert to an embryonic state

When adult brain cells are injured, they revert to an embryonic state, according to new findings published in the April ...
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Early sleep problems for autistic children may predict repetitive behaviors later

Early sleep problems predict repetitive behaviors later in childhood. And toddlers who overreact or underreact to sensory stimuli have more ...
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Specialized ‘event’ cells help your brain keep all your memories organized, study suggests

Our recollection of events is usually not like a replay of digital video from a security camera—a passive observation that ...
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Not just the lungs: Coronavirus also wreaks havoc on the brain

As the number of confirmed Covid-19 cases worldwide reaches 2 million, clinicians are realizing the disease doesn’t just ravage the ...
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While you sleep, your brain decides which memories to keep, and which ones go to ‘the garbage bin’

We don’t remember every detail of our lives: Our brains decide which events are important for long-term storage and which ...
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Our food has never been safer, so why are we so scared of it?

Why you shouldn't trust your brain ...