Montreal plans to ban the use of glyphosate — a commonly used herbicide marketed primarily under the trade name Roundup — by the end of the year.
In 2015, a World Health Organization agency determined glyphosate is a probable carcinogen.
Coun. Laurence Lavigne-Lalonde, the executive committee member in charge of urban agriculture, said that classification means there is no longer “any reason not to protect the health of Montrealers and farmers who use this product.”
Health Canada reapproved the continued use of glyphosate in 2017. [It reaffirmed that approval in 2019 after re-reviewing the IARC determination, writing:
After a thorough scientific review, we have concluded that the concerns raised by the objectors could not be scientifically supported when considering the entire body of relevant data. The objections raised did not create doubt or concern regarding the scientific basis for the 2017 re-evaluation decision for glyphosate. Therefore, the Department’s final decision will stand….No pesticide regulatory authority in the world currently considers glyphosate to be a cancer risk to humans at the levels at which humans are currently exposed. Read GLP GMO FAQ here]
Glyphosate is one of the most common herbicides used in the world, is in more than 130 products sold in Canada and has widespread use by farmers to keep weeds out of their crops.
Under Quebec law, municipalities can ban the use of chemicals, but not their sale.
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