Scientists are working to address many agricultural challenges, including growing enough food to meet the needs of a global population expected to exceed 11 billion people by 2050. We need to continue to increase food production and so on less and less land. Genetic technology is an additional tool in the farmer’s toolbox. The most commonly grown genetically engineered crops provide herbicide resistance and require the use of far fewer insecticides. Other GE crops approved or in the pipeline address the problems of disease, drought and flooding, or add beneficial traits that add enhance nutrition, result in faster growing crops or animals, reduce environmental wastage and restore near extinct species, among many innovations.