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India’s Green Revolution took place in the 1960s. The white revolution or Operation Flood – the exponential increase in dairy production – started in the 1970s, and ended in the 1990s. Since then, there has been only incremental thinking on the agricultural productivity front. And the biggest problem is that the bulk of the Indian farming community has not been able to escape the tyranny of monsoons. If the rains fail, so does our crops. How does one move beyond the over dependence on rains as many other countries have done? Professor M.S. Swaminathan, renowned geneticist and father of the Indian Green Revolution, shares his thoughts.
. . . .The transition from green to evergreen revolution is the need of the hour. It will involve new science, such as production and application of biological software for sustainable agriculture, including biofertilisers, biopesticides, vermiculture, drip irrigation and soil health enhancement. In every block we should establish a soil health monitoring and enhancement centre that can help farmers to maintain high yield in perpetuity. President Obama also mentioned the importance of an evergreen revolution while addressing our Parliament: “Together, we can strengthen agriculture. Cooperation between Indian and American researchers and scientists sparked the Green Revolution. Today, India is a leader in using technology to empower farmers, who get free updates on market and weather conditions on their cell phones. And the U.S. is a leader in agricultural productivity and research. As farmers face the effects of climate change and drought, we’ll work together to spark a second, more sustainable evergreen revolution”
Read full, original post: Agriculture: Achieving a Yield Revolution in Major Food