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Male or female? Why a cell’s sex matters

| | November 26, 2013

It may surprise you to learn that — like humans — cells can be male or female. The distinction is more subtle at the cellular level, but it can actually affect how cells react in a variety of experiments.

Cells in women’s bodies have two X chromosomes (XX), while cells in men’s bodies have one X and one Y (XY). Thus, we get our male and female cells. Approximately 5% of the human genome resides on these chromosomes — 1,846 genes on the X and 454 on the Y. This means that male and female cells are fundamentally dissimilar on a genetic level.

The scientists behind a new review study say that these differences are often ignored.

Read the full, original story here: Male or Female? Why a Cell’s Sex Matters


The GLP aggregated and excerpted this article to reflect the diversity of news, opinion, and analysis. Click the link above to read the full, original article.
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