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Male or female? Why a cell’s sex matters

| | November 26, 2013
This article or excerpt is included in the GLP’s daily curated selection of ideologically diverse news, opinion and analysis of biotechnology innovation.

It may surprise you to learn that — like humans — cells can be male or female. The distinction is more subtle at the cellular level, but it can actually affect how cells react in a variety of experiments.

Cells in women’s bodies have two X chromosomes (XX), while cells in men’s bodies have one X and one Y (XY). Thus, we get our male and female cells. Approximately 5% of the human genome resides on these chromosomes — 1,846 genes on the X and 454 on the Y. This means that male and female cells are fundamentally dissimilar on a genetic level.

The scientists behind a new review study say that these differences are often ignored.

Read the full, original story here: Male or Female? Why a Cell’s Sex Matters


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