Though we don’t like to admit it, intelligence and IQ matter…The traditional view is that expertise, in general, requires a higher IQ…[However, there are those who] believe that IQ is more predictive of access to education but not expertise itself.
To decide which hypothesis is likelier to be true, a group of researchers examined people who do and do not play chess. Unlike college, there is no barrier to chess training…If the “access to training” theory is correct, there should be no difference in intelligence between serious chess players and non-chess players.
…[A]s I have argued before, chess should be a required subject in American schools…As one teacher noted: “Chess trains logical thinking. It teaches how to make decisions, trains memory, strengthens will power, motivates children to win, and teaches them how to deal with defeat. It’s the only school subject that can do all this.”
[Read the full study here]
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