For all types of life, genetic diversity is ‘about the same’

European bison. Image credit: Mes Sorties Culture
European bison. Image credit: Mes Sorties Culture

Who would have suspected that a handheld genetic test used to unmask sushi bars pawning off tilapia for tuna could deliver deep insights into evolution, including how new species emerge?

And who would have thought to trawl through five million of these gene snapshots—called “DNA barcodes”—collected from 100,000 animal species?

That would be Mark Stoeckle from The Rockefeller University in New York and David Thaler at the University of Basel in Switzerland, who together published findings…sure to jostle, if not overturn, more than one settled idea about how evolution unfolds.

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It is textbook biology, for example, that species with large, far-flung populations—think ants, rats, humans—will become more genetically diverse over time.

But is that true?

Related article:  Ancient African savanna was like a ‘chess board’, broadening the minds of early humans as they hunted for prey

“The answer is no,” said Stoeckle, lead author of the study, published in the journal Human Evolution.

For the planet’s 7.6 billion people, 500 million house sparrows, or 100,000 sandpipers, genetic diversity “is about the same,” he told AFP.

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The study’s most startling result, perhaps, is that nine out of 10 species on Earth today, including humans, came into being 100,000 to 200,000 years ago.

“The simplest interpretation is that life is always evolving,” said Stoeckle. “It is more likely that—at all times in evolution—the animals alive at that point arose relatively recently.”

Read full, original post: Sweeping gene survey reveals new facets of evolution

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