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Dogs and humans migrated together across the ancient world, DNA evidence shows

Dogs and humans migrated together across the ancient world, DNA evidence shows

David Grimm | 
Dogs are one of the biggest enigmas of domestication. Despite decades of study, scientists still haven’t figured out when or where ...
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With studies showing questionable efficacy, why did Gilead’s remdesivir become the first FDA-approved COVID treatment?

Jon Cohen, Kai Kupferschmidt | 
On 8 October, [Gilead] inked an agreement to supply the European Union with its drug remdesivir as a treatment for ...
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The 5-minute COVID-19 test is here

Robert Service | 
Researchers have used CRISPR gene-editing technology to come up with a test that detects the pandemic coronavirus in just 5 ...
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1 in 7 COVID patients have genetic flaws that dramatically increase their vulnerability

Meredith Wadman | 
[S]cientists baffled by [COVID-19’s] ferocity have wondered whether the body’s vanguard virus fighter, a molecular messenger called type I interferon, ...
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Drought, cropland expansion push Great Plains toward ‘Dust Bowl 2.0,’ climate scientists say

Roland Pease | 
Earlier [in October], a storm front swept across the Great Plains of the United States, plowing up a wall of ...
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German measles likely jumped from bats to humans, much like COVID, raising concerns about future virus outbreaks

Ann Gibbons | 
An estimated 100,000 newborns are affected by the [rubella virus] annually, mostly in Africa, the western Pacific, and the eastern ...
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Flood-proof crops? Plants engineered to grow taller may survive unstable environments

Erik Stokstad | 
Stature matters to plants. Short crops can carry more grain without bending under their own weight—a key trait that helped ...
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‘It’s not premature to plan’: Deciding who gets the coronavirus vaccine first

Jon Cohen | 
The new coronavirus’ disproportionate toll on the elderly could put them at the front of the line [for a vaccine] ...
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Another pandemic? New swine flu identified in China could jump to humans

Jon Cohen | 
[A] new finding that pigs in China are more and more frequently becoming infected with a strain of influenza that ...
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How widespread is the pandemic? Proposed global blood bank could provide missing answers

Robert Bazell | 
Michael Mina is out for blood—millions of samples, which a nascent effort dubbed the Global Immunological Observatory (GIO), would monitor ...
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Polio vaccines are inexpensive, easily available, already approved—and they might work wonders against COVID-19

Recent reports indicate that COVID-19 may result in suppressed innate immune responses. Therefore, stimulation by live attenuated vaccines [such as ...
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‘It’s been so chaotic’: US government ‘Operation Warp Speed’ may not be focusing on developing the most promising COVID-19 vaccines

Jon Cohen | 
When the news broke [June 3] that Operation Warp Speed had selected five experimental COVID-19 vaccines to fast-track through testing ...
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Coronavirus antibodies from GMO cows set for summer clinical trials

Mitch Leslie | 
The latest recruits in the fight against COVID-19 are munching hay in a South Dakota barn. A biotech company has ...
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Cells that fight pathogens might also speed up human ‘inflammaging’

Mitch Leslie | 
Our T cells let us down as we age, becoming weaker pathogen fighters. This decline helps explain why elderly people ...
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USDA’s relaxed biotech crop rules could speed plant development, but are regulations still too strict?

Erik Stokstad | 
A major change to U.S. regulation of biotech will exempt some gene-edited plants from government oversight. The new policy ...
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‘Psychobiotics’: Can we control the way we think by altering gut bacteria?

Elizabeth Pennisi | 
The allure is simple: Drug development for neuropsychiatric disorders has lagged for decades, and many existing drugs don’t work for ...
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Artificial photosynthesis: Synthetic chloroplasts as solar-powered drug factories

Colin Barras | 
There’s a new way to eat carbon dioxide. Researchers have built an artificial version of a chloroplast, the photosynthetic structures ...
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‘Operation warp speed’ hopes to turbocharge US quest for a coronavirus vaccine

Jon Cohen | 
Conventional wisdom is that a vaccine for COVID-19 is at least 1 year away, but the organizers of a U.S ...
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Engineering plants to rapidly repair heat damage could preserve crop yields as climate changes

Erik Stokstad | 
As plants convert sunlight into sugar, their cells are playing with fire. Photosynthesis generates chemical byproducts that can damage the ...
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Bugpocalypse? New research challenges widely publicized claims of impending catastrophic insect declines

Gergana Daskalova, Maria Dornelas | 
Drastic declines in insect biomass, abundance, and diversity reported in the literature have raised concerns among scientists and the public ...
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Scouring coronavirus patient genes to answer a question: Why do some people get deathly sick, when others don’t?

Jocelyn Kaiser | 
COVID-19, caused by the new pandemic coronavirus, is strangely—and tragically—selective. Only some infected people get sick, and although most of ...
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Gene-drive technology may combat notorious Fusarium fungus that decimates global wheat yields

Elizabeth Pennisi | 
The Fusarium fungus is the bane of every wheat farmer’s existence. Causing wheat scab—also known as head blight—it decimates harvests ...
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Gene from grass-dwelling fungus may help safeguard global wheat production against deadly disease

Erik Stokstad | 
Wheat scab hits farmers with a double punch. The fungal disease, also known as Fusarium head blight, shrivels grain and ...
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Identical sex chromosomes could be key to a long life

Erin Malsbury | 
When 109-year-old Jessie Gallan was asked about the secret to her long life, she replied “staying away from men.” Other ...
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Failed HIV vaccine study is ‘another frustrating defeat’ in the fight against AIDS

Jon Cohen | 
The failure-ridden search for a vaccine that can stop the AIDS virus has delivered yet another frustrating defeat. The HIV ...
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Can we engineer soldiers to be immune to chemical attacks?

Jocelyn Kaiser | 
Despite international bans, some countries, such as Syria, use deadly nerve agents against enemy soldiers and civilians. Existing treatments for these ...
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Virus used to deliver gene therapy treatments may increase liver cancer risk, study suggests

Jocelyn Kaiser | 
Just as gene therapy finally seems to be living up to its promise, a study has revived a lingering worry ...
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Gene-editing pioneer Jennifer Doudna calls for greater accountability on anniversary of China scientist CRISPR gene editing human embryo

Jennifer Doudna | 
There are key moments in the history of every disruptive technology that can make or break its public perception and ...