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Type 2 diabetes treatment: Drug alters gut bacteria

| | May 26, 2017

The most successful treatment for type 2 diabetes may work by changing the makeup of gut bacteria.

Metformin is commonly prescribed to help people with type 2 diabetes control their blood sugar. It is also being tested as an anti-ageing treatment.

Fredrik Bäckhed at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden, and José  Manuel Fernàndez-Real at the University of Girona, Spain, wondered if gut bacteria might play a role in the drug’s action.

The pair and their colleagues recruited 40 volunteers who were newly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. Each person was randomly assigned to take metformin or a placebo for four months. All of them were placed on a low-calorie diet.

During the study period, the collection of gut bacteria changed much more dramatically in those taking metformin. In particular, the drug seemed to encourage the growth of strains of bacteria called Akkermansia and Bifidobacterium.

T[]he results suggest that metformin at least partly works by encouraging the growth of gut bacteria such as Akkermansia, which can influence blood sugar levels…Bäckhed hopes that some people with diabetes might get similar benefits by modifying their diets to change the makeup of their gut bacteria – for example by encouraging the growth of Akkermansia and Bifidobacterium.

[Read the original source here]

The GLP aggregated and excerpted this blog/article to reflect the diversity of news, opinion, and analysis. Read full, original post: Diabetes drug may work by changing gut bacteria makeup

The GLP aggregated and excerpted this article to reflect the diversity of news, opinion, and analysis. Click the link above to read the full, original article.
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