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Viewpoint: AI could guide us in understanding which cancer patients likely to benefit from expensive immunotherapy

Over the last decade, significant advances in research, education, early detection methods and treatment have boosted cancer survival rates while ...
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‘Topographical disorientation’: What it’s like to live without a sense of direction

We all know people who say they have “no sense of direction,” and our tendency is almost always to minimize ...
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Brain organoids ‘giving insight’ into origins of autism, epilepsy and schizophrenia

Knowing how the human brain develops is critical to understanding how things can go awry in neurodevelopmental disorders, from intellectual ...
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Psychosomatic disorders not ‘all in the mind’: Brain-body connection bolstered by new research

Placebo effects, exercise highs, getting sick when you’re stressed out—the popular press and the scientific literature alike are replete with ...
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Turning old drugs—for things like diabetes and alcoholism—into new cancer treatments

Drugs originally developed to treat diseases ranging from diabetes to alcoholism may have applications in cancer treatment, according to a ...
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Brain building block glutamate could be key to treating Alzheimer’s, schizophrenia, depression

Glutamate is often called the “major excitatory neurotransmitter” within the brain. It is the brain’s “go” signal. [Neuroscientist David] Baker ...
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Gene therapy era: A look at current treatments and what’s next for cancers and genetic disorders

At least nine gene therapies have been approved for certain kinds of cancer, some viral infections and a few inherited ...
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Podcast: How old is your dog in human years? Genetic study offers a new way to answer that question

How old is your four-legged best friend? Common wisdom says that a dog ages seven years for every human year ...
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Infographic: How exercise gives your brain a boost

Why does exercise affect the brain at all? Physical activity improves the function of many organ systems in the body, ...
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Non-addictive version of ecstasy ‘party drug’ emerges as potential treatment for PTSD, anxiety

MDMA, or ecstasy, once had the reputation of exclusively being an illicit party drug popular at raves and dance clubs ...
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How far can we enhance the brain before human identity is lost?

Facebook recently announced it had acquired CTRL-Labs, a U.S. start-up working on wearable tech that allows people to control digital devices ...
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Free will doesn’t exist? Why we shouldn’t be swayed by this ‘flawed experiment’

One of the most fervent of late 19th century materialists, T.H. Huxley, described human beings as “conscious automata” with no ...
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How ancient humans ‘self-domesticated’ their own faces to appear more friendly

One hypothesis for how humans transitioned from developing a robust Neandertal visage in maturity to retaining finer features throughout life ...
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ASMR: Being triggered by ‘ordinary sounds and sights’ may be more than pseudoscience

What do the sounds of whispering, crinkling paper, and tapping fingernails have in common? What about the sight of soft ...
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Podcast: Researchers implanted false memories in birds to figure out how humans learn language

Babies are constantly surrounded by human language, always listening and processing. Eventually they put sounds together to produce a "daddy," or a ...
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How the microbiome may boost the brain’s recovery from stroke damage

Despite a decades-long search, scientists have yet to pinpoint effective ways of protecting the brain from poststroke damage. In recent ...
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‘Peculiar brain waves’ during sleep may be key to forming memories, study suggests

Neuroscientists have always presumed that learning and memory depend on strengthening or weakening the connection points between neurons (synapses), increasing ...
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Viewpoint: Doctors will never be replaced by intelligent machines, which lack ’empathy, common sense’

Is there a place for artificial intelligence (AI) in the field of medicine? Will doctors one day be replaced by ...
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Fear can keep you alive: Why we need ‘negative’ emotions

Are negative emotions all bad? Should we really try to get rid of them? After all, we figure that thumbs ...
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Viewpoint: We can stop the infertility ‘guessing game’ by tapping into new tools, including noninvasive testing for endometriosis

Without understanding the root cause of infertility, treating it often becomes a guessing game. For doctors to effectively aid a ...
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People with better memories may have better romantic relationships, study suggests

Common topics of marital disagreement are money, sex and time spent together. None of this will surprise anyone who has ...
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Viewpoint: Most Americans ‘woefully underprepared’ for bioethical decisions, including when to remove a loved one from life support

Many Americans will face some form of significant medical decision-making during their lifetimes, either for themselves or for their loved ...
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Deep sleep may be critical to flushing out your brain’s ‘toxic waste’

Why sleep has restorative—or damaging—effects on cognition and brain health has been an enduring mystery in biology. Researchers think cerebrospinal ...
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‘Time to finish the job’: One wild polio strain stands in the way of eradication of the disease

The international effort to achieve [polio eradication] passed a major milestone [recently] with the worldwide eradication of wild poliovirus type ...
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‘BrainNet’ experiment allows people to communicate by thought, ‘blurring fundamental notions about individual identity’

In a new study, technology replaces language as a means of communicating by directly linking the activity of human brains. Electrical ...
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Programming CRISPR to fight viruses could lead to new treatments for Ebola, Zika

CRISPR is usually thought of as a laboratory tool to edit DNA in order to fix genetic defects or enhance ...
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‘Puzzle of a million pieces’: New study traces humanity’s birthplace to northern Botswana

[A] study, appearing [October 28] in the journal Nature, uses genetic, archaeological, linguistic and climatic evidence to argue that the ancestral homeland ...
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Could a pill make you need less sleep? This genetics research suggests it could happen

We all wish we could get by on less sleep, but one father and son actually can—without suffering any health ...