unioni civili-2 12-11-2017

Gay genes identified? Research met with ‘severe criticism’

Scanning the genomes of 1,077 homosexual men and 1,231 heterosexual men, researchers identified several genetic regions with multiple single nucleotide ...
Fighting infectious diseases with immunotherapy on 'cusp of commercialization'

Fighting infectious diseases with immunotherapy on ‘cusp of commercialization’

Immunotherapy, which involves adapting immune cells to destroy specific cellular targets, has made a name for itself treating cancer. But ...
Getting behind the genetics of high-altitude adjustments

Getting behind the genetics of high-altitude adjustments

People who both travel to and live at high altitudes typically cope with lower oxygen levels by increasing red blood ...
100 billion neurons make up our brain—how does it all work?

100 billion neurons make up our brain—how does it all work?

[Editor's note: Sara Linker and Tracy Bedrosian are postdoctoral research fellows in the Laboratory of Genetics at the Salk Institute for ...
Life-forming water droplets could have jump-started early evolution

Life-forming water droplets could have jump-started early evolution

Reactions in tiny droplets of water may have given rise to some of the molecules essential for the origin of ...
Seeking human consciousness at the cellular level

Seeking human consciousness at the cellular level

To define human consciousness at the neuronal level is among the most difficult of tasks for neuroscience. Still, researchers have ...
Evidence confirms likely link between regular exercise and reduced cancer risk

Evidence confirms likely link between regular exercise and reduced cancer risk

Researchers have long recognized an epidemiological link between exercise and a lower risk of certain cancers, including breast cancer. But ...
Genome destruction: CRISPR used to remove entire Y chromosome in mice

Genome destruction: CRISPR used to remove entire Y chromosome in mice

Researchers have managed to wipe out an entire mouse chromosome using CRISPR-Cas9. They aimed numerous double-strand breaks at either the ...
Human 'tree rings'? Neuroimaging predicts life span and brain age

Human ‘tree rings’? Neuroimaging predicts life span and brain age

In recent years, scientists have plumbed the molecular depths of the body and surfaced with tell-tale biomarkers of aging, some ...
Not fool-proof: Gene drive's greatest weakness is random DNA mutations

Not fool-proof: Gene drive’s greatest weakness is random DNA mutations

Gene drive is a technology that could squelch insect-borne diseases, by forcing deleterious traits engineered into the animals’ DNA to ...
Hemophilia cure? First attempt at in vivo human genome editing

Hemophilia cure? First attempt at in vivo human genome editing

Researchers have edited the human genome before, but always in cells outside the body. Now, biotech company Sangamo Therapeutics is ...
Sour or sweet? Your genes guide your food preferences

Sour or sweet? Your genes guide your food preferences

Every one of us, I learned through my preliminary research for Flavor: The Science of Our Most Neglected Sense, probably ...
Gene therapy breakthrough for age-related macular degeneration

Gene therapy breakthrough for age-related macular degeneration

Wet age-related macular degeneration (AMD) occurs when blood vessels grow and leak fluid into the macula, the central portion of ...
Genetic secrets of farming's most notorious and persistent pest: Aphids

Genetic secrets of farming’s most notorious and persistent pest: Aphids

Aphids are some of nature’s most notorious pests...which causes physical damage and transmits pathogens that often render plants unsuitable for ...
Fish farm problem? Salmon diseases evolving more virulently in farms

Fish farm problem? Salmon diseases evolving more virulently in farms

Fish farming is one of the fastest growing food production sectors in the world, but infections caused by bacteria, viruses, ...
Jack in the corn stalk: Record 45-foot-tall corn plant created by New York breeder

Jack in the corn stalk: Record 45-foot-tall corn plant created by New York breeder

Gason Karl has been growing corn since he was a teenager. Starting in 1996, he began planting the crop on ...
Cancer's evolution hinders new drug treatments

Cancer’s evolution hinders new drug treatments

While immunotherapies provide a better chance for a long-term and durable response, [Retired Major League Baseball administrator Bill] Murray’s story ...
Search for targeted pesticides leads scientists to eavesdrop on crosstalk between plants and fungi

Search for targeted pesticides leads scientists to eavesdrop on crosstalk between plants and fungi

In this conversation between plants and fungi, the organisms rely on a well-worn mechanism of gene-expression regulation that has stood ...
Is aging a preventable disease?

Is aging a preventable disease?

The concept of aging is undergoing a rapid transformation in medicine. The question has long been asked: Is aging a ...
Cuban lung-cancer vaccine reaches United States, starting clinical trials

Cuban lung-cancer vaccine reaches United States, starting clinical trials

New York Governor Andrew Cuomo announced [Oct. 26] that the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has green-lighted the first ...

Neurologists identify how bridge between brain hemispheres forms

Researchers have discovered key steps in the development of the corpus callosum, a cable of neurons connecting the two hemispheres ...

Looking back on gene editing’s thirty years of development

In the mid-1980s, Oliver Smithies, then at the University of Wisconsin–Madison, and Mario Capecchi of the University of Utah independently ...

Could natural genetic transfers from bacteria to humans contribute to cancer?

People have long been intrigued by the prospect of foreign DNA within our own genomes. Human genomes harbor evidence of ...

Pharmaceutical giant Novartis shuts down its gene therapy research

Healthcare company Novartis has either fired or reassigned roughly 400 researchers previously tasked with developing cell and gene therapies. While ...

Specific neurons may code for social learning in humans

At least one type of social learning, or the ability to learn from observing others’ actions, is processed by individual ...

‘Frankenfood’ characterization stifles real discussion of social issues raised by GMOs

. . . Frankenstein. . . [articulates] the public’s visceral fears of scientific and technological innovation. Indeed, the pejorative prefix Franken- has taken ...

Brains of schizophrenics may repair themselves over time

[Psychiatrist] Lena Palaniyappan...and other mental health professionals have noticed is that, unlike those with degenerative neurological disorders[,]...sometimes schizophrenia patients eventually start ...

Recent cultural differences accelerated evolutionary changes in modern humans

The first solid evidence of natural selection in recent human populations was found in blood. In addition to blood type, ...